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Recent Advances in Microalgal Biotechnology

Recent Advances in Microalgal Biotechnology

Recent Advances in Microalgal Biotechnology

  • Editor: Dr. Jose Ronnie Vasconcelos   Dr. Henri Gerken   Dr. Jin Liu   Dr. Zheng Sun  
  • ISBN: 978-1-63278-066-9
  • DOI: 10.4172/978-1-63278-066-9-67
  • No of Pages: 232
  • Publisher: OMICS International
  • Published On: January 2016 , Wed 20
  • Chapter 1      
    Hypospadias
    Authors:

  • Chapter 2      
    Introduction
    Authors:

    Spectroscopy is  used for spectroscopic analysis depends upon the method and might be of increasing quality. If a material to be studied is soluble, already a transparent liquid, or a thin film or a coating, the analysis frequently starts with UV- visible spectrum analysis (UV-Vis). Let’s take a closer inspect a tool present in virtually any analytical laboratory, a UV-Visible Spectrometer, that’s helpful for a wide form of applications.

  • Chapter 3      
    Materials and Methods
    Authors:

    Modern spectrographic analysisstrategies comprise Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectrographic analysis (NMR), Fourier Transform Infrared spectrographic analysis (FTIR), Mid-IR spectroscopy. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy.X-ray Fluorescence spectrographic analysis (XRF), Inductively Coupled Plasma Analysis Spectroscopy (ICP), Auger Electron spectrographic analysis and several others

  • Chapter 4      
    Materials and Methods
    Authors:

    Modern spectrographic analysisstrategies comprise Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectrographic analysis (NMR), Fourier Transform Infrared spectrographic analysis (FTIR), Mid-IR spectroscopy. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy.X-ray Fluorescence spectrographic analysis (XRF), Inductively Coupled Plasma Analysis Spectroscopy (ICP), Auger Electron spectrographic analysis and several others

  • Chapter 5      
    Introduction
    Authors:

    The time period spectroscopy is used to describe a own family of analytical techniques, in which various frequencies (light, UV, IR, etc.) is applied to the materials to acquire spectral characteristics, or the spectra of those substances in a form of a graph. The substances spectra are obtained as a result of the unique interaction of material components with certain frequencies of electromagnetic waves (consisting of absorption or emission), so right here the word spectrum is used commonly to describe a graphic representation (intensity versus frequency) of the unique properties of the material.

  • Chapter 6      
    UV - VIS Spectroscopy
    Authors:

    G.Langergraber,et al.. (2004) stated that submersible UV/VIS spectrometer was used to monitor a paper mill wastewater treatment plant. It utilizes the UV/ VIS range (200–750 nm) for simultaneous measurement of COD, filtered COD, TSS and nitrate with just a single instrument

  • Chapter 7      
    Introduction
    Authors:

  • Chapter 8      
    Potential Applications of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatments
    Authors: Wenguang Zhou, Torsten Schubert

    Algae are oxygen-evolving photosynthetic microorganisms and commonly grow in various

  • Chapter 9      
    Adsorption and Absorption of Heavy Metals by Microalgae
    Authors: Li Li, Dachun Sun, Hongxin Tan

    Heavy metal contamination of natural water due to mining and industrial activities

  • Chapter 10      
    CO2 Sequestration by Microalgae: Advances and Perspectives
    Authors: T Chakrabarti, K Krishnamurthi, S Saravana Devi, Abhay B Fulke

    Carbon dioxide, a Greenhouse Gas (GHG), is the one of the principle pollutant, warming earth.

  • Chapter 11      
    Microalgae as the Production Platform for Carotenoids
    Authors: Edith Martinez-Guerra, Veera Gnaneswar Gude

    Microalgae represent a sustainable source of natural products

  • Chapter 12      
    Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from Algae
    Authors: Mala Khan, Md. Moshiur Rahman, S Zaman, Turjo Arif Jahangir, Mamudul Hasan Razu

    Currently, public awareness of healthcare importance increasing.

  • Chapter 13      
    Microalgae as the Feedstock for Biodiesel Production
    Authors: Edith Martinez-Guerra, Veera Gnaneswar Gude

    Escalating demands for transportation fuels combined with rapid industrialization and depletion

  • Chapter 14      
    Hydrogen Production by Microalgae
    Authors: Sufia Hena

    Biological hydrogen production has been known for over a century

  • Chapter 15      
    Life-Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae: Energy, Greenhouse and Nutrient Balance
    Authors: Amélia Delgado, João Biché Danune

    This review targets scientists, innovators, potential investors and other stakeholders interested in renewable energies

  • Chapter 16      
    Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-Mass and Bioactive Constituents from Green Microalga-Botryococcus braunii
    Authors: Ranga Rao A, Sarada R, Ravishankar GA, Phang SM

    The world is facing lack of alternative fuels.

  • Chapter 17      
    Development and Prospect of Microalgal Biodiesel
    Authors: Qiang Wang

    Growing energy demand for fossil fuels comes from worldwide economic growth

  • Chapter 18      
    Mass Cultivation of Phototrophic Microalgae
    Authors: Peter E Zemke

    Cultivation systems for outdoor phototrophic cultivation of microalgae vary significantly in design

  • Chapter 19      
    Heterotrophic Growth of Micro Algae
    Authors: Mala Khan, Rana Karmakar, Banani Das, Farah Diba , Mamudul Hasan Razu

    Today cultured microalgae is used as producer of food ingredients such as omega-3 fatty acids

  • Chapter 20      
    Genetic Engineering of Microalgae
    Authors: Ying-Fang Niu, Tan Huang, Wei-Dong Yang, Jie-Sheng Liu, Hong-Ye Li

    In recent years, the pollution caused by excessive utilization of fossil energy, and the decreasing storage of fossil energy

  • Chapter 21      
    Algae Harvesting: Challenges, Progress and Perspectives
    Authors: Xuezhi Zhang

    Algae harvesting remains one of the bottlenecks preventing large scale algal cultivation

  • Chapter 22      
    Recent Advances in Microalgal Proteomics
    Authors: Michael T Guarnieri

    Driven by the genomics revolution, functional, post-genomic analyses

  • Chapter 23      
    Transformation of Chloroplasts of Chlamydomonas for the Production Of Therapeutic Proteins
    Authors: Pérez España Victor Hugo, López Pérez Pablo Antonio, Teresa Romero Cortes, Peralta Gil Martín, Duran Figueroa Noé, Badillo-Corona Agustín

    Chlamydomonas reinhardtii can be considered as a viable alternative for the production of various products of industrial interest.

  • Dr. Jose Ronnie Vasconcelos

    Professor, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Dr. José Ronnie Vasconcelos working in Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil is an expert in genetic vaccination studies against experimental T. cruzi infections and in understanding the immunological basis of the protective immunity against these protozoan parasites. His expertise will be highly useful in designing potential vaccine candidates for T. cruzi infections in the near future. The Vaccines & Vaccine Technologies eBook represents an excellent tool to subside knowledge of vaccine history, application and improvement adding ample chapters about vaccines and their development to neglected and non-neglected infectious diseases authored by young scientists around the world.

  • Dr. Henri Gerken

    Arizona State University Polytechnic campus, Mesa, AZ, USA

    Dr. Henri Gerken is a Senior Research Scientist at the Arizona Center for Algal Technology and Innovation (AzCATI) at Arizona State University, USA. Dr. Gerken received his PhD from Arizona State University in Microbiology in 2009 and completed Post Doctoral fellowships at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden Colorado and AzCATI. Research interests include cell wall compositional analysis and enzymatic digestion of industrially relevant microalgae as well as genetic engineering of microalgae for fuels and fine products.

  • Dr. Jin Liu

    University of Maryland Center for Enviromental Science, Baltimore, MD, USA

    Dr. Jin Liu is an assistant professor at Peking University and a National Youth Thousand Talents Program Fellow, China. Dr. Liu received a BSc in biology and an MSc in biochemistry and molecular biology from Sun Yat-sen University, and a PhD in algal biotechnology from The University of Hong Kong. He worked in world top laboratories on plants and microalgae over ten years. He is broadly trained and highly experienced molecular biologist and phycologist with interdisciplinary background. Particular areas of expertise include molecular biology, genetic engineering, biotechnology, transcriptomics, mass cultivation, algal physiology, algal biofuels and high-value products. He has published over 30 peerreviewed research articles on top journals of algae fields and wrote 7 book chapters. He also serves as editorial board members for several peer-reviewed journals.

  • Dr. Zheng Sun

    Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China

    Dr. Zheng Sun is an Associate Professor in the College of Fisheries and Life Science at Shanghai Ocean University, China. Zheng received his M.Res. in 2006 from the University of Bath, England and Ph.D. in 2011 from the University of Hong Kong. His doctoral research was focused on algal biotechnology under the supervision of Prof. Steven Feng Chen. During 2011-13, Zheng worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Hong Kong Baptist University and City University of Hong Kong. In 2013, Dr. Sun joined Shanghai Ocean University as an Associate Professor via the fast-track promotion. Dr. Sun’s research interests include algal biochemistry, algae-derived metabolites and biorefinery of algal biomass. He has published over 20 peer-reviewed articles in top journals in the field of food, agricultural and natural resource sciences. He is also a recipient of the ‘Shanghai Pu-Jiang Talent Programme’ Award in 2013 and ‘Shanghai Young Eastern Scholar’ Award in 2015.

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