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Bacterial and Mycotic Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

Bacterial and Mycotic Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

Bacterial and Mycotic Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

  • Editor: Maria Teresa Mascellino  
  • ISBN: 978-1-63278-005-8
  • DOI: 10.4172/978-1-63278-005-8-006
  • No of Pages: 163
  • Publisher: OMICS International
  • Published On: November 2013 , Fri 15
  • Chapter 1      
    Pathological Basis and Morphological Features
    Authors: Dr. Shagufta Tahir Mufti

    The term “immunocompromised host” describes a patient who is at increased risk for Life-threatening infection as a consequence of a congenital or acquired abnormality of the immune system.

  • Chapter 2      
    Causative Organisms: Fungi
    Authors: Ikechi–Nwogu Chinyerum Gloria

    This is defined as a human or an animal whose immune response, is weakened as a result of an immunodeficiency disorder, diseases, administration of immunosuppressive drugs or exposure to irradiation.

  • Chapter 3      
    Gynecological Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts
    Authors: Bassam Husam Rimawi, Ramzy H Rimawi

    Genitourinary tract infections are among the most frequent disorders for which patients seek gynecologic care. The obstetrician and gynecologist must be persistently vigilant of unique opportunities to detect infections that may become serious and life threatening.

  • Chapter 4      
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    Authors: Priti P Parikh

    Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is the term used for diseases that are transmitted through human sexual activity. However, some STDs are also transmitted through body fluids, such as blood and through contaminated IV drug needles.

  • Chapter 5      
    Central Nervous System Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts
    Authors: Kaushal B Shah, Ramzy H Rimawi

    Since early recognition and treatment can be detrimental to clinical outcome, central nervous system (CNS) infections are a major healthcare concern.

  • Chapter 6      
    Skin and Soft Tissues Infections
    Authors: Sarah E Maddocks

    The skin is the largest organ in the human body and is comprised of several stratified layers including the epidermis, stratum corneum and dermis. Keratinocytes on the outermost surface of the skin provide an armour-like layer that is constantly shed and replaced.

  • Chapter 7      
    Sepsis in an Immunocompromised Host
    Authors: Mark A Mazer, Paul P Cook, Ramzy H Rimawi

    Sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock are major healthcare problems.

  • Chapter 8      
    Brucellosis: A Global Re-emerging Zoonosis History, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Immunology and Genetics
    Authors: Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi, Al-Jasser AM

    Brucellosis is an infectious disease of animals (zoonosis) that is transmittable to humans.

  • Chapter 9      
    Brucellosis: A Global Re-emerging Zoonosis Clinical Aspects, Associations and Brucellosis in Specific Conditions
    Authors: Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi, Al-Jasser AM

    Brucellosis, the commonest zoonosis worldwide, is caused by Gram-negative, intracellular coccobacilli that affect various body organs.

  • Chapter 10      
    Brucellosis: A Global Re-emerging Zoonosis Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
    Authors: Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi, Al-Jasser AM

    Globally, brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases, It is endemic and reemerging infection in rural areas in Mediterranean, Middle East and Latin American countries.

  • Chapter 11      
    Yeasts: Candida and Cryptococcusis
    Authors: Madhu Dyavaiah, Suba sri, Geetha N Prashanth

    The incidence of opportunistic fungal infection has been increased in the last few decades.

  • Chapter 12      
    Dimorph and Filamentous Fungi
    Authors: Tim Sandle

    An immunocompromised host is an individual whose immune response is weakened as a result of an immunodeficiency disorder, exposure to immunosuppressive drugs or irradiation (for example, patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation).

  • Chapter 13      
    Microsporidia Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts
    Authors: Maria Anete Lallo

    Microsporidia are unicellular eukaryotes, an obligatory intracellular parasite, which for many years were considered protozoan.

  • Maria Teresa Mascellino

    MD at the age of 25 years from University “La Sapienza”

    Maria Teresa Mascellino has completed her MD at the age of 25 years from University “La Sapienza” of Rome during the period of 1980 and specialization studies in Microbiolgy and Infectious Diseases from University “La Sapienza” of Rome (Italy). She is Responsible for the Simple Operative Unit “Microbiological Analyses in the immunocompromised hosts” in the Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases at Policlinico Umberto I° of Rome. She has published more than 110 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute. She is member of many scienti fi c societies and has partic- ipated in relevant International Research Projects. Her research has included the following topics: Bacterial antibiotic resistance and multidrug resistant microorganisms, Tubercu- losis, Chlamydia infections, MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus), Rapid laboratory methods (PCR), Helicobacter pylori: virulence determinants and pathology, Can- didemiae: incidence and drugs susceptibility, Intracardiac devices infections, Sonication technique for bacterial bio fi lm, Klebsiella pneumoniae MDR in nosocomial infections and synergistic activity of double carbapenem.

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