The term “immunocompromised host” describes a patient who is at increased risk for Life-threatening infection as a consequence of a congenital or acquired abnormality of the immune system.
This is defined as a human or an animal whose immune response, is weakened as a result of an immunodeficiency disorder, diseases, administration of immunosuppressive drugs or exposure to irradiation.
Genitourinary tract infections are among the most frequent disorders for which patients seek gynecologic care. The obstetrician and gynecologist must be persistently vigilant of unique opportunities to detect infections that may become serious and life threatening.
Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is the term used for diseases that are transmitted through human sexual activity. However, some STDs are also transmitted through body fluids, such as blood and through contaminated IV drug needles.
Since early recognition and treatment can be detrimental to clinical outcome, central nervous system (CNS) infections are a major healthcare concern.
The skin is the largest organ in the human body and is comprised of several stratified layers including the epidermis, stratum corneum and dermis. Keratinocytes on the outermost surface of the skin provide an armour-like layer that is constantly shed and replaced.
Sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock are major healthcare problems.
Brucellosis is an infectious disease of animals (zoonosis) that is transmittable to humans.
Brucellosis, the commonest zoonosis worldwide, is caused by Gram-negative, intracellular coccobacilli that affect various body organs.
Globally, brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases, It is endemic and reemerging infection in rural areas in Mediterranean, Middle East and Latin American countries.
The incidence of opportunistic fungal infection has been increased in the last few decades.
An immunocompromised host is an individual whose immune response is weakened as a result of an immunodeficiency disorder, exposure to immunosuppressive drugs or irradiation (for example, patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation).
Microsporidia are unicellular eukaryotes, an obligatory intracellular parasite, which for many years were considered protozoan.
MD at the age of 25 years from University “La Sapienza”
Maria Teresa Mascellino has completed her MD at the age of 25 years from University “La Sapienza” of Rome during the period of 1980 and specialization studies in Microbiolgy and Infectious Diseases from University “La Sapienza” of Rome (Italy). She is Responsible for the Simple Operative Unit “Microbiological Analyses in the immunocompromised hosts” in the Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases at Policlinico Umberto I° of Rome. She has published more than 110 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute. She is member of many scienti fi c societies and has partic- ipated in relevant International Research Projects. Her research has included the following topics: Bacterial antibiotic resistance and multidrug resistant microorganisms, Tubercu- losis, Chlamydia infections, MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus), Rapid laboratory methods (PCR), Helicobacter pylori: virulence determinants and pathology, Can- didemiae: incidence and drugs susceptibility, Intracardiac devices infections, Sonication technique for bacterial bio fi lm, Klebsiella pneumoniae MDR in nosocomial infections and synergistic activity of double carbapenem.