Agricultural practice combined with trees and livestock called “agroforestry” is one possible option for reducing emissions of green house gases in atmosphere as well as to improve livelihood of farmers.
Human activities, especially the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas, have caused a substantial increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Removing atmospheric carbon (C) and its storage in woody perennials is one of the alternatives, which has been projected to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.
Home gardening is the oldest land use activity involving deliberate management of multipurpose trees and shrubs in intimate association with annual and perennial agricultural crops and invariably livestock within the compounds of individual house
The study was done using leaf / rhizome / bark extract/ mulches of different medicinal species i.e., Iris ensata, Podophyllum hexandurm, Crocus sativus, Azadirachta indica,
Growing horticulture crops plays an important role in sustainable development of small holdings, rural development, income generation through production of cash crops, agriculture sustainability, and providing employment with value addition and post-harvest management practices.
The present study was carried out in the six villages (Budali, Majakot, Manao, Dungripanth, Chamdaar, Keshu) of traditional agroforestry systems in Garhwal Himalaya for soil properties and species composition.
Shifting cultivation (Jhum) is a land management system where peoples of northe-eastern regions especially in India are linked with cultural heritage.
If the shifting cultivation in its present form is allowed to continue, land degradation and improverished living conditions of resources poor upland farmers are bound to worsen with time.
A piece of land which has become ecologically and economically unproductive due to chronic degradation and denudation is called waste land. A vast area of such soils /lands in our country is lying unutilized. Salt affected soils cover an area of about 7.0 million hectares in our country.
This study has been carried out in rural areas of the district Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand to identify the forest utilization (fuel, fodder) pattern and contribution of agro-forestry system for sustainability of forest resources.
Livestock rearing has been the backbone of Himalaya’s economy for centuries and this sector is the primary source of energy for agricultural operation and animal protein for the people.
In last few decades there is unprecedented population growth over limited land resources results in increasing pressure on land resources for food, fuel, fodder and timber beyond their carrying capacity.
Agroforestry systems provide advantages of forests by growing trees on marginal lands or with crops on agricultural lands; which can also restore ecological balance without reducing the area under agriculture as such.
Agroforestry provides many benefits to farmers and society. Agroforestry helps in improving the quality of life of farmers by providing revenues and ensuring sustainable management of natural resources.
Department of Forestry, HNB Garhwal University, Uttarakhand, India
Dr. Munesh Kumar, Assistant Professor working in the Department of Forestry, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India. He has completed his Ph.D in Forestry from same University. His area of research interest includes; Forest ecology, soil carbon sequestration, agroforestry and ethnobotany. He has published 102 research papers in national and international Journals. He is in the editorial board of several Journals such as Medicinal and Aromatic plants, OMICS International, Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, Journal of Environmental Sciences & Research, American Journal of Environmental Protection and American Journal of Medicine Studies.
Professor of Botany and Principal, Government College, Narendranagar, District Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India
Prof. Govind Singh Rajwar is working as Professor of Botany and Principal, Government College, Narendranagar, District Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India with a long period of 39 years of research on Himalayan ecology. He has completed Ph.D. in Forest Ecology from HNB Garhwal Univesity and his areas of research include: Forest ecology, Ethnobotany and systematics, Vegetation conservation and management and Invasive species. He has published/edited 7 books and 105 research papers on Mountain Ecology in national and international journals. He has been associated with some journals as member of editorial board/reviewer. He has received some awards and recognitions for his contributions to ecological research and environmental education including Brilliant Young Scientist Recognition by XIV International Botanical Congress, Berlin, Germany (1987) and Outstanding Scholar for Outstanding Contributions to Ecology and Environmental Education by The First International Congress on Ecological Integrity and Environmental Ethics: Living for a Sustainable Future, G B Pant University, Pantnagar (2014). He has been elected as a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London (2007) and National Institute of Ecology (2008).
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