alexa
ISSN: 2332-2543
Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Overexploitation of Rays and Sharks in the Mediterranean Sea

Monique Mancuso*

Institute for Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC) - National Research Council (CNR) -Section of Messina, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Monique Mancuso
Institute for Coastal Marine Environment
(IAMC)-National Research Council (CNR)-Section of Messina
Spianata S. Raineri, Messina, Italy
Tel: (+39) 0815423804
E-mail: monique.mancuso@iamc.cnr.it

Received date: February 20, 2015; Accepted date: February 23, 2015; Published date: March 03, 2015

Citation: Mancuso M (2015) Overexploitation of Rays and Sharks in the Mediterranean Sea. J Biodivers Endanger Species 3:e123. doi:10.4172/2332-2543.1000e123

Copyright: © 2015 Mancuso M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species

Keywords

Elasmobranchs; Overfishing; Mediterranean Sea

Introduction

The Mediterranean Sea is a semi-enclosed marine basin characterized by complex and diverse marine communities [1,2].

Mediterranean basin is one of the world’s richest places in terms of animal and plant diversity [3] and it was recognized as one of the first 25 Global Biodiversity Hotspots [4].

In the Mediterranean sea Elasmobranchs are characterized by their diversity with 49 sharks and 36 rays [5-8].

Unfortunately, the exploitation of the Mediterranean Sea [9] along with the biological characteristics of the Elasmobranchs (i.e. low growth rate, late sexual maturity and low fecundity, low rates of biomass turnover) [10], has meant that many species are over exploited and extinction threatened [11]. In the last 200 years there was a dramatic decline of large predatory sharks in the Mediterranean Sea. In addition, there is a lack of knowledge on the biology and fishery of Elasmobranchs in many parts of the Mediterranean, for many species there is a total absence of data [12].

Today, many sharks and rays are listed on the Red List of threatened species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (1982) as well as Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution, Protocol on Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity (1995), Action Plan for the Conservation of Cartilaginous Fishes in the Mediterranean Sea and the EU Action Plan for the Conservation and Management of Sharks ensure the conservation of wild flora and fauna species and their habitats giving special attention to endangered and vulnerable species.

All these protection measures together with a multifocal study comprising: monitoring of the species and their environment, a detailed study of the biology of the species and their ecological role and the analysis of the Elasmobranchs community must be made by further research to define the criteria for protection and prevention on endangered Mediterranean species.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 11394
  • [From(publication date):
    April-2015 - Dec 08, 2016]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 7607
  • PDF downloads :3787
 
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
 
 
OMICS International Conferences 2016-17
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings
 
 

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2016 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version