Udai P Singh
Associate Professor and Assistant Director
Department of Pathology
University of South Carolina
Tel: 803-216-3423; Fax: 803-216-3413
Impact Factor: 0.7*
Microbiology and clinical science are interconnected by the pathological conditions caused by microbial pathogens requiring clinical detection and treatment. Understanding such microbe induced pathological conditions demand the detection of clinical manifestation and prescribing proper therapeutic approaches. Clinical Microbiology is an open access journal that caters reliable information for clinical microbiologists, and others in the form of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications etc. and would like to disseminate knowledge through high impact articles in microbiology.Excellent quality submissions are welcome for maintaining the highest quality of the journal and to attain high impact factor.
Studies in the broad area of microbial pathogens and associated disease condition such as molecular understanding of the pathogen including structure, function, molecular mechanism of invasion, detection, techniques and assays used for diagnosis, pathogen targeting with different therapeutic approaches are within the scope of this journal.
Clinical Microbiology: Open Access includes a wide range of fields under its discipline to create a resource platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of publishing.
Clinical Microbiology: Open Access is using Editorial Manager System to attain the quality for review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission, review and tracking system used by most of the best open access journals. Review process is performed by the editorial board members of Clinical Microbiology: Open Access or by outside experts in the relevant scientific field. Approval of at least two independent reviewers followed by editor's approval is mandatory for acceptance of any manuscript.
Authors are requested to submit their valuable contributions at www.scholarscentral.com/emsystem/ or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at firstname.lastname@example.org.
OMICS International organizes 1000+ conferences every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from more than 1000 scientific societies and publishes 700+ open access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, mycology, parasitology, and bacteriology. Although microbiology is a relatively young science it has had an enormous impact on our health and wellbeing. Without vaccines and antibiotics people would still be struggling to contend with epidemics of infectious disease and would be vulnerable to relatively minor infections.
Epidemiology is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is the cornerstone of public health, and informs policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare. Epidemiologists help with study design, collection, and statistical analysis of data, and interpretation and dissemination of results (including peer review and occasional systematic review). Epidemiology has helped develop methodology used in clinical research, public health studies, and, to a lesser extent, basic research in the biological sciences
STD stands for sexually transmitted Diseases or also known as Sexually transmitted infections. These are the infections commonly spread by sex (vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex). These infections don’t cause any symptoms which causes great risk. Some of the common example of STDs are: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HIV/AIDS, Syphilis, Bacterial Vaginosis, Herpes, Scabies, Hepatitis B & C, etc.
Antimicrobials is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. For example, antibacterials are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. They can also be classified according to their function. Agents that kill microbes are called microbicidal, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called biostatic. The use of antimicrobial medicines to treat infection is known as antimicrobial chemotherapy, while the use of antimicrobial medicines to prevent infection is known as antimicrobial prophylaxis.
Review in clinical microbiology includes extensive study about the specific or vast area of the microbial diseases and their causing agents. There is increasingly large number of microbial diseases causing many ailments in humans as well as animals. Hence, there is a need of studying various agents to understand them better.
Now days due to mutation and continuous adaptability of microbes to the changing environment there are vast number of diseases that are to be studied for betterment of the humankind. Research mainly includes studying various aspects of microbes including virulence factor of the microbe.
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease affecting primarily the liver, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). In this infection scarring of liver starts in the initial stage leads ultimately to cirrhosis.It is spread by blood-to-blood contact associated with intravenous drug use, poorly sterilized medical equipment, and transfusions.Hepatitis C virus infection can last a lifetime and lead to serious liver problems, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver cancer.
A genus of DNA-containing viruses including the papilloma and wart viruses of humans and other animals. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a DNA virus from the papillomavirus family that is capable of infecting humans. Like all papillomaviruses, HPVs establish productive infections only in keratinocytes of the skin or mucous membranes.. Genital Human Papillomavirus infection is primarily transmitted by genital contact, usually (but not necessarily) through sexual intercourse.
It is a pharmaceutical prepration used to treat or prevent fungal infections like Mycosis (fungal infection of animals including humans), Athlete's foot, Dermatophytosis , Candidiasis and many other serious systemic infections. Fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole inhibit cytochrome P450-dependent enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of ergosterol, which is required for fungal cell membrane structure and function.
Opportunistic Infections is an infection caused by bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens that take advantage of a host with a weakened immune system.These types of infections occur very frequently and are very severe. People living with HIV/AIDS can face serious health threats from these opportunistic infections. Most life-threatening opportunistic infections occur when your CD4 count is below 200 cells/mm3.
Clinical microbiology is the adaptation of microbiological techniques to the study of the etiological agents of infectious disease. In this one can explore nature of infectious disease and test the ability of various antibiotics to inhibit or kill the isolated microorganisms. The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within the body is called infection.
Clinical microbiologists are medical workers who perform laboratory research. They study microscopic organisms, like bacteria and fungi, often to gain knowledge about fighting and preventing diseases. Clinical Microbiologist works with healthcare teams, including public health officials, to improve processes to diagnose and control infectious diseases with a strong emphasis on effective communication at all levels.
Manual of Clinical Microbiology includes the study of all the aspect of clinical microbiology quoted at one place. It helps in studying various aspects and submitting novel research to a common platform.
Clinical practice guidelines are an important outgrowth of the concept of evidence-based medicine. A number of professional organizations have developed clinical practice guidelines that directly affect the practice of diagnostic microbiology and immunology. The goal of these guidelines is the standardization of selected aspects of medical care to ensure both high quality and cost-effectiveness.
Clinical Microbiology Case Reports includes the case of the patients that are affected by any of the microbial disease. These may include infections during the treatment (super infection) or post-surgical infections. Post-surgical infections occur due to carelessness of the medical team during operation.
The term "nosocomial" comes from two Greek words: "nosus" meaning "disease" + "komeion" meaning "to take care of." Hence, "nosocomial" should apply to any disease contracted by a patient while under medical care. Nosocomial infections are infections that have been caught in a hospital and are potentially caused by organisms that are resistant to antibiotics
Molecular pathology is an emerging discipline within pathology which is focused in the study and diagnosis of disease through the examination of molecules within organs, tissues or bodily fluids. Molecular pathology shares some aspects of practice with both anatomic pathology and clinical pathology, molecular biology, biochemistry, proteomics and genetics, and is sometimes considered a "crossover" discipline. It is multi-disciplinary in nature and focuses mainly on the sub-microscopic aspects of disease. A key consideration is that more accurate diagnosis is possible when the diagnosis is based on both the morphologic changes in tissues (traditional anatomic pathology) and on molecular testing
Staphylococcal is is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria. Infection with one of the Staphylococcal bacteria. Staph infection can cause pus-filled abscesses on the skin or internal organs, and can migrate through the blood to infect the heart, brain, and other areas. Skin infections are the most common. They can look like pimples or boils. They may be red, swollen and painful, and sometimes have pus or other drainage. They can turn into impetigo, which turns into a crust on the skin, or cellulitis, a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot.
In response to the changing environment, new varieties of mutant strains of microbes are developing. These mutant microbes have better adaptability and life cycle than their previous strains. These are called new microbes. These new microbes are responsible for the development of new diseases and hence there is a need of studying these extensively to prevent human sufferings.
Infectious diseases have always been a challenge to humankind and still pose a continuous threat. Some of the disease have been controlled and eradicated (smallpox) but, many of the new infectious diseases continue to pose threat (eg. West nile fever, MERS). Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is an illness caused by a virus (more specifically, a coronavirus) called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). MERS affects the respiratory system (lungs and breathing tubes). Most MERS patients developed severe acute respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough and shortness of breath. About 3-4 out of every 10 patients reported with MERS have died.
Antibiotic sensitivity is the susceptibility of bacteria to antibiotics. Antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) is usually carried out to determine which antibiotic will be most successful in treating a bacterial infection in vivo. Results are commonly reported as the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), which is the lowest concentration of drug that inhibits the growth of the organism.
Antimicrobial activity refers to the process of killing or inhibiting the disease causing microbes. Various antimicrobial agents are used for this purpose. Antimicrobial may be anti-bacterial, anti-fungal or antiviral. They all have different modes of action by which they act to suppress the infection.
An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. Antimicrobial agents are of various classes, some of the class includes: beta lactam, cephalosporins, quinolones, tetracyclines, macrolides, sulfonamides, aminoglycosides, etc. These different classes act in a different way and on different kind of bacteria.
An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth, when microbes are resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents then the state can be defined as antimicrobial resistance. Resistance is either innate or acquired – referring to whether the resistance is newly developed or has always been present in an organism
The infections caused by the microbes are called as microbial infections. The drug which are used to treat these microbial infections are called as antimicrobial drugs these drugs include antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and antivirals. Some of the common examples of antibiotics are: amoxicillin, penicillin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, doxycycline, etc. Some of the common antiviral drugs are: zidovudine, acyclovir, framciclovir, etc.
Clinical Microbiology: Open Access is supporting "4th International Conference on Clinical Microbiology and Microbial Genomics" (Clinical Microbiology-2015) to be held during October 05-07, 2015 Philadelphia, USA with a theme “Identifying the Innovation & Future Directions in Clinical Microbiology”.
*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If ‘X’ is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and ‘Y’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X