Advanced Technology in Clinical Microbiology for the Diagnosis and Prevention
of Viral Diseases
Akikazu Sakudo1* and Hideharu Shintani2
1Laboratory of Biometabolic Chemistry, School of Health Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan
2Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Akikazu Sakudo
Laboratory of Biometabolic Chemistry
School of Health Sciences, University of the Ryukyus
Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan
Received date: October 10, 2015; Accepted date: October 12, 2015; Published date: October 19, 2015
Citation: Akikazu Sakudo (2015) Advanced Technology in Clinical Microbiology for the Diagnosis and Prevention of Viral Diseases. Clin Microbiol 4:e129. doi: 10.4172/2327-5073.1000e129
Copyright: © 2015 Sakudo A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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The recent emergence of new viral agents together with the re-emergence of known viruses is now recognized as an urgent threat to public health [1,2]. These dangerous viruses include severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus, influenza A strains, west nile virus (WNV), human metapneumovirus, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), dengue virus, hantaviruses, tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) and ebola virus. Emerging diseases also include variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), previously defined as an atypical slow virus disease, which is caused by a prion agent. Global health has been threatened by recent outbreaks of emerging viruses, which are mostly zoonotic pathogens that comprise 75% of human emerging diseases .
Given the current situation, early detection and surveillance of zoonotic pathogens is becoming increasingly important. Specific and efficient countermeasures are also needed to treat and prevent the spread of these pathogens in human and animal populations. Recent developments of molecular techniques have provided innovative diagnostic procedures [4-6]. These new techniques have also contributed to the establishment of clinical treatments as well as the prevention of viral spread by disinfection, sterilization and antisepsis. As such, these advances need to be highlighted and discussed. Areas expected to benefit from the new techniques include virology, public health, biosafety, medical technology, health science and veterinary medicine.
We have been involved in this field of research for over a decade [7-10]. The new technologies and novel findings referred to above can be found in our journal, “Clinical Microbiology: open access”, which provides an excellent platform for advancements in the diagnosis and prevention of infectious diseases [11-14]. We hope that readers will enjoy our journal and obtain useful information for their own research, and be inspired by new ideas for future investigations.
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- Sakudo A, Chou H, Nagatsu M (2015) Antibody-integrated and functionalized graphite-encapsulated magnetic beads, produced using ammonia gas plasma technology, for capturing Salmonella. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 25: 1012-1016.
- Sakudo A, Onodera T (2012) Virus capture using anionic polymer-coated magnetic beads. Int J Mol Med 30: 3-7.
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- Hirata A, Sakudo A, Takano K, Kanaya S, Koga Y (2015) Effects of Surfactant and a Hyperthermostable Protease on Infectivity of Scrapie-Infected Mouse Brain Homogenate. J Biotechnol Biomater 5: 194.
- Shintani H, Sakudo A (2011) HPLC Analysis and Identification of Compounds Inhibiting Bacterial Growth in Ozone Gas Sterilized Polysulfone and Polycarbonate. Pharm Anal Acta 2:130.
- Sakudo A, Viswan A, Chou H, Sasaki T, Ikuta K, et al. (2015) Capture of dengue viruses using antibody-integrated graphite encapsulated magnetic beads produced by gas plasma technology. Mol Med Rep.
- Nour BYM, Tawor BYB, Gebril A, Mohamedani AA, Saeed OK, et al. (2015) Evaluation of Simple and Rapid Specific IgM/IgG Flow Assay and Some Methods Used in Diagnosis of Brucellosis in Gezira and Blue Nile States, Sudan. Clin Microbiol 4: 187.
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- Devi Y, Punithavathy PM, Thomas S, Veeraraghavan B (2015) Challenges in the Laboratory Diagnosis and Clinical Management of Heteroresistant Vancomycin Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA). Clin Microbiol 4: 214.
- Mendoza MT, Cajucom MAM, Itable JR, Zamora RP (2015) Evaluation of the Usefulness of the MODS Assay for the Detection of TB and MDR TB among PTB Suspects in the Philippines. Clin Microbiol 4:213.